Jul 25, 2014

a very busy project!


Over the past year or so I have been researching and gathering photos and information on the members of my family that served in both World Wars.

My 'goal' has been to document what I can in memory of these men that fought in such horrendous conditions so that we may experience some form of peace today.


if anyone has any extra data on any of the above, do please let me know.
           
Leone Fabre





Donald William McTAVISH 1888 - 1916



Donald William McTAVISH  was born in 1888 in Horsham, Victoria, Australia, the third child for Donald McTAVISH and Anne CHANDLER.

At the age of 27 years, Donald - a farmer - enlisted in the AIF on 24th July 1915 to the 22nd Battalion 4th Reinforcement with service number 2296. He enlisted the same time as his cousin - Harold McTAVISH who was given the service number 2295.





The following is a group image of the 22nd Battalion prior to departure for overseas, date and place taken is unknown.



After their training, both Donald McTavish and his cousin Harold embarked at Melbourne on 27th September 1915 on board the HMAT HORORATO. Bound for the Middle East via Fremantle.
Unfortunately, Donald failed to re embark the Hororato in Fremantle and had to wait for the HMAT Osterley departing on 5th October.

HMAT Hororato

HMAT Osterley

The 22nd Battalion spent some time in Moascar in Egypt with field training.



In March 1919, George Lambert described the Moascar camp as: "Miles and miles of tents and desert, thousands of sweating, sun-bronzed men and beautiful horses"(Lambert 1938, p. 79).

On 20 July 1919 he wrote to his wife: "... the well-appointed camp that two years ago spread out from here to the Desert for miles and umpteen miles, a white city of tents. There are still tents, a mile or so ... but the tents are slowly coming down, the incinerators are throwing off long, low lines of blue smoke ... Outside this bit of shade, 111 Fahrenheit, there is a blaze of almost colourless light, and it takes even for an experienced savage like myself, a few seconds to locate the difference between sand, tents and sky. In this blaze work still goes on - army work ...".

On the 19th March 1916 they departed Alexandria on board the LLANDOVERY CASTLE bound for Marseille, in France.






In March 1916, the 22nd Battalion embarked for France and experienced their first service on the Western Front in reserve breastwork trenches near Fleurbaix at the end of the first week of April 1916. The battalion’s first major action was at Pozières, part of the massive British offensive on the Somme.


By the first week of July in 1916 they were in the Bois Grenier Line, near Steenwerck in France.  From there they were entrained towards Lealvillers and by the third week of July marching towards Albert.

The Bois Grenier Line - a support trench - was about 70 yards to the rear of the front line and then a further 1000 yards back was the reserve line.

Australian soldiers on their way to the front-line trenches at Bois Grenier, 5 June 1916

An Australian soldier in the trenches near Bois Grenier, 5 June 1916

Australians in the trenches near Bois Grenier, 3 June 1916

22nd Battalion in France

By the 26th July 1916 they were on march from  Lealvillers to Albert.... at 5.30pm the Battalion moved off passing thru Albert to Sausage Valley where the Battalion was issued with picks, shovels, two mills bombs each and two sandbags. At 11pm Battalion moved off to relieve 6th Battalion AIF in POZIERES.


at 4.30am on 27th July 1916 they were occupying trenches in Pozieres. Enemy shelling commenced at 6.30am in response to the Battalion artillery fire. Shelling was intense. On this day, in the 22nd Battalion, 21 KIA, 19 MIA, 129 wounded. 




Battle of Pozieres ~ one year and three days from time of enlistment. Army records state that Donald William McTAVISH died between 27th July and 4th August. (4th Aug was when his cousin was severely injured) But his death was always remembered as being on 27th July each year.



View across the Pozières plateau in August 1916

22nd Battalion Cross Erected at Pozieres

Donald William McTavish is remembered with honour at
Villers-Bretonneux Memorial

No known grave


Donald William McTavish is remembered at the 
Australian War Memorial.





Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France

Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.

The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.

On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.

After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.

Donald William McTavish's name will be projected onto the exterior of the Hall of Memory at the AWM in Canberra on:
  • Tue 19 August, 2014 at 5:17 am
  • Thu 2 October, 2014 at 11:15 pm
  • Tue 25 November, 2014 at 4:30 am
  • Mon 19 January, 2015 at 8:38 pm
  • Thu 12 March, 2015 at 6:03 am
  • Sun 26 April, 2015 at 10:01 pm
  • Sun 7 June, 2015 at 12:17 am
  • Tue 14 July, 2015 at 6:54 am
These dates and times are estimates. The actual time of projection could change as a result of weather and other factors, so it is advisable to check closer to the date. In the rare event of a temporary loss of electrical power, the names scheduled for display in that period will not appear until the next time listed.


With grateful thanks to:

The Australian War Memorial
The Australian National Archives
Australians on the Western Front

for further information and the use of their images off their sites.

LEST WE FORGET






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Jul 24, 2014

remembering the DALITZ brothers of Dimboola ....

we have heard these words so many times, over and over again .... and will even more so over the coming months.

But it IS important to remember them ... and by "them" I mean all of the soldiers, sailors and airmen that fought in all wars. It IS important to pass on what we know to the next generation as well.

How else will they know that their ancestors fought and died so that they can enjoy the freedom they have today?




In my family pedigree I have over 80 family members that fought in World War one and two. I am trying to capture as much information as possible on each of those men and women and to document what is available for future generations.



So while thinking about 'family' this week, I paid particular attention to the four DALITZ brothers of Dimboola (Victoria, Australia) that went off to war in 1915 and in 1916.

But to step back a few years, Heinrich DALITZ and Maria WUTTKE married on 13 August 1885 in South Australia. They had fourteen children, four daughters and ten sons.

Unfortunately in 1897 one of the daughters died due to her clothes catching fire, she was just 7 years of age.




Heinrich and Maria were farmers so to have ten sons able to work on the family farm was certainly a 'bonus'.  Then in 1915 - the day the AIF first landed in Gallipoli on the 25th April -  Maria died at just 53 years of age.

Heinrich - or Henry as he was known - continued on with the family farm with the help of the children. But soon after the death of their mother, two of the sons enlisted in the AIF.  They were Alwin Clarence DALITZ and Friedrich Wilhelm DALITZ who both enlisted on the 12 June 1915 and by the 15 September 1915 - had embarked Melbourne aboard the SS MAKARINI bound for Egypt. 

The next one to enlist was Carl Walter DALITZ who signed up on 19 February 1916 and then it was Heinrich Charles DALITZ's turn.  He enlisted on 3rd April 1916. Both Carl and Henry (as he was known) embarked Melbourne on 4th May 1916 aboard the HMAT PORT LINCOLN bound for Egypt.

So here we have the four brothers enlisting in the AIF to fight in the war!

I have added a short summary of each of them at the end of this blog post and will concentrate on the eighth child of the family: Carl Walter DALITZ. 

Carl was born in Dimboola, Victoria, Australia on 23 October 1896, (twin to Gustav Edwin DALITZ) their parents being Heinrich DALITZ and Maria Elisabeth WUTTKE.

When he was just 19 years of age, he enlisted in the AIF at Horsham on 19 February 1916 and was immediately assigned to the 6th Machine Gun Company. 3rd Reinforcements. His occupation at the time was that of a grocer.  Six weeks later his brother Heinrich enlisted in the AIF and was also assigned to the 6th MGC.


Three months later - on 4th May 1916 - he embarked from Melbourne on board the HMAT A17 PORT LINCOLN with his brother Heinrich Charles DALITZ.



He was in France by March 1917 and just two months later Carl was killed in action at the second Battle of Bullecourt on 3rd May 1917. One day short of 12 mths since he departed Melbourne.

"A minute to go; forms rise up from the shell holes in readiness … 30 seconds to go; we glance back to the dark stillness of the western horizon, so silent, but we know packed with artillery batteries with gunners standing tense and ready … a vicious boom – the French artillery open up. Still the rear horizon is silent and menacing – then a terrific ripping flash! A thousand guns speak as one; such awe–inspiring roar and rend and flash and crash as surely man never saw or heard before; we’re off!"

Corporal Frank Fitzpatrick, quoted in Lieutenant W A Crane, In Good Company: An Account of the 6th Machine Gun Company AIF in Search of Peace, 1915–1919, Melbourne, 1937, p.329

*above Framed Print of Second Battle of Bullecourt 1917 from Mary Evans

Australian soldiers loading an 18 pounder gun at the second Battle of Bullecourt (Battle of Arras) on the Western Front in France during World War I in May 1917.

Carl Walter Dalitz

is remembered with honour 

at the Villers-Bretonneux Memorial in France.

There is no known grave.




Carl Walter Daltiz is remembered with honour on the WWI Honour Roll at Dimboola Memorial High School - seen below with wreaths laid on Anzac Day, 2008 (by David Thompson)





Carl Walter Daltiz is also remembered on the Roll of Honour at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra.


Carl Walter Dalitz's name will be projected onto the exterior of the Hall of Memory at the AWM in Canberra on:
  • Mon 15 September, 2014 at 12:54 am
  • Tue 4 November, 2014 at 1:55 am
  • Sun 28 December, 2014 at 5:34 am
  • Fri 20 February, 2015 at 3:53 am
  • Fri 10 April, 2015 at 2:25 am
  • Fri 22 May, 2015 at 12:10 am
  • Mon 29 June, 2015 at 6:21 pm
These dates and times are estimates. The actual time of projection could change as a result of weather and other factors, so it is advisable to check closer to the date. In the rare event of a temporary loss of electrical power, the names scheduled for display in that period will not appear until the next time listed


let us remember, while we are having dinner tonight smiling and laughing, that in another house somewhere in Australia .....

......there is an empty chair where a hero should be sitting. They gave up their life so that we can sit with our family. So take a moment to think about those heroes who did not make it home and those who are still serving around the world ....



The DALITZ brothers - in summary:

____________________________________________________________________

Carl Walter DALITZ

[23 Oct 1896 - 03 May 1917]

Carl was born in Dimboola, Victoria, Australia on 23 October 1896, (twin of Gustav Edwin DALITZ)

Their parents being Heinrich DALITZ and Maria Elisabeth WUTTKE. Carl was the eighth of their 14 children.

When he was just 19 years of age, he enlisted in the AIF at Horsham on 19 February 1916 and was immediately assigned to the 6th Machine Gun Company. 3rd Reinforcements. His occupation at the time was that of a grocer.

Three months later - on 4th May 1916 - he embarked from Melbourne on board the HMAT A17 PORT LINCOLN with his brother Heinrich Charles DALITZ, also in the 6th MGC.

He was in France by March 1917 and was killed in action at the second Battle of Bullecourt on 3rd May 1917. One day short of 12 mths since he departed Melbourne.

He is remembered with honour at the Villers-Bretonneux Memorial in France. There is no known grave.


_________________________________________________________________

Heinrich Charles DALITZ

[1891 - 1972]

03 April 1916 - enlisted in the AIF  6th MGC (Machine Gun Company).

04 May 1916 - embarked Melbourne - with his brother Carl Walter DALITZ -  aboard the HMAT PORT LINCOLN bound for Egypt.  His occupation at that time was as a brick layer.

17 October 1917 - admitted to hospital with Trench Fever and kidney trouble.

10 April 1918 - again admitted to hospital, this time with scabies.

08 August 1918 - GSW to the right forearm (and gassed)  in the Battle of Amiens.

20 October 1918 - RTA medically unfit due to GSW

07 September 1920 - married Alice Mabel Ruby HIRTH

24 November 1972 - died aged 81 at Dimboola, Victoria, Australia

_______________________________________________________________

Friedrich Wilhelm DALITZ

[1887 - 1959]

12 June 1915 - enlisted in the AIF 14th Bn

15 September 1915 - embarked Melbourne aboard the SS MAKARINI bound for Egypt.

19 October 1915 - dangerously ill in hospital with dysentery.

11 April 1917 - Rec'd the Military Cross

17 May 1918 - WIA - gassed in France

07 April 1919 - RTA HMAT TRASAS MONTES - arrived in Australia 22 May 1919

1924 - married Hazel Blanche DRUMMOND

14 Nov 1959 - Died at the Heidelberg Repatriation Hospital aged 72.

____________________________________________________________

Alwin Clarence DALITZ

[1894 - 1969]

12 June 1915 - enlisted in the AIF 14th Bn.

15 September 1915 - embarked Melbourne aboard the SS MAKARINI bound for Egypt.

28 August 1916 - WIA. (Wounded in Action) GSW to the groin & pelvic area.

16 January 1917 - returned to duty in France after being wounded.

11 April 1917 - POW - became a Prisoner of War at the First Battle of Bullecourt and was interred at Limburg.

31 March 1919 - RTA - repatriated back to Australia arriving on 12 May 1919.

29 Jan 1969 - died at Nhill, Victoria, Australia at the age of 74.

__________________________________________________________________



                                                            LEST WE FORGET

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Edward Harold ARTSO [ 1892 - 1918]






Edward Harold ARTSO was born in Warrnambool (Victoria, Australia) in 1892. He was the 9th child to Martha HAMMOND and William ARTSOW.

William ARTSOW was born in Canton, Guangzhou, China in 1831 and married Martha HAMMOND at the See Yup Temple in Emerald Hill on 15th September 1875.

There is no confirmed data as to when William arrived in Australia, except to say that "family information' states he arrived into Robe in South Australia.



01 February 1916.
At the age of 23 years and one month, Edward enlisted in the AIF, his occupation at that time was as a carpenter. He was enlisted in to the 29th Battalion. He was described as being 5 feet two inches, weighed 116 lbs, had a dark complexion, brown eyes and black hair and was considered "fit for active service".




08 May 1916

Two months later he embarked Melbourne on board the troop carrier HMAT A14 EURIPIDES headed towards the Middle East, landing at Alexandria.  By July he had been dispatched to the "Bombing School" in Lyndhurst in England, where he stayed until the September of 1916. Which perhaps was just as well, seeing that he missed the Battle of Fromelles that his Battalion fought in during July 1916.

from the website: "Australians on the Western Front 1914 - 1918"
19 July 1916
The Battle of Fromelles.  I think Edward was lucky not to have been part of this particular battle, as one of the soldiers in his battalion wrote:
“the novelty of being a soldier wore off in about five seconds, it was like a bloody butcher’s shop.”

22 September 1916
Later in September, the 29th Battalion were at Riviere des Layes, just south of Armentieres and where Edward rejoins his Battalion. The Battalion were still holding the front line until 14th October, before marching onto Strazelle where, at long last, comfortable billets were provided. On the 22nd October the Battalion arrived at Flers, after passing through Bussus, Buire and Mametz Wood.

16 November 1916
Edward Artso was admitted to hospital in France with both Myalgia & Scabies and soon transferred back to England for treatment. He managed to stay in England until March of the following year when he was transferred from 29th Battalion to the 69th Draft Battalion. 

26 September 1917
The 29th Battalion played a major role at Polygon Wood, where they fought in the Ypres sector in Belgium.

2nd November 1917
He was with the 69th Draft Battalion until he was transferred back to the 29th, again missing out on another major battle, the Battle of Polygon Wood!
 


3rd May 1918
Edward was wounded in action at Sailly-le-Sec which is a commune in the Somme department in Picardie in northern France, not far from Amiens. He was immediately transferred to 11th Australian Field Ambulance Hospital.


This is the diary entry for the 3rd May 1918 from the 29th Bn showing they were at Sailly-Le-Sec in France.


 

18th May 1918

Edward Harold Artso died at Vignacourt in France from a Gun Shot Wound to his back and right arm that he had received at Sailly-le-Sec on 3 May 1918.


 
His burial took place that same day at Vignacourt British Cemetery (Plot II, Row B, Grave No. 3), in France.





Edward Harold ARTSO

18 May 1918

Lest We Forget
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